On a road or hard surface, a cart can be used. Some of the smaller carts can fold up and be stored inside the kayak. The wheels are typically held on with clevis pins so they can easily be removed to flatten the cart.
Kayak by rail
In Canada, the passenger rail companies (VIA, Ontario Northland, possibly others) still provide a service that is almost as old as rail travel itself. If you are a passenger on the train, you can carry your canoe or sea kayak in the baggage car for a small additional fee. In some cases, you can also arrange for a drop in the wilderness and a pickup at a later time. Getting to and from the train is your problem and you can only go where the train goes, but this is one option that paddlers still use.
The downside, of course, is that if you are traveling a significant distance (as in from one coast to the other), the price of the passenger ticket is quite high compared to, say, flying. However, it is the most civilized way to travel and your ticket basically includes travel and accommodations. You can get up and walk around and sit in a dining car to eat. There’s even a bar car for an evening get-together. If you, like me, have romantic notions about rail, train travel is a viable option to get to a distant kayak destination with your own kayak in comfort – if you have the time and money to enjoy it.
For one well-traveled train route, there is a special canoe car. This is a flatbed rail car covered with canoe racks. You can carry a sea kayak on these easily. Ontario Northland runs this car on Little Bear, the train route between Moosonee and Moose Factory at the northern end to Cochrane in the south. This provides access to Moose River and the south end of James Bay for an interesting sea kayak adventure. In the photo (right) you can see a sea kayak at the far right, lower rack.
A Roof Rack or Trailer
When moving long distances, moving the kayak with a vehicle is convenient. Kayak Roof racks are an obvious choice. Another way to transport the kayak by vehicle, is to build or buy a kayak trailer.
The choice of rack or trailer is an interesting one. With the price of complete roof racks from the big companies going through the roof, a trailer is not necessarily a significantly more expensive proposition, especially if you are moving several paddlers around. Roof racks put the kayaks up high – especially if you drive a truck. That can make loading and unloading a pain. With the kayaks on the roof, aerodynamic drag is somewhat higher and fuel economy suffers. It’s not unusual to see 20% or more increases in fuel consumption. Trailers, by riding in the vehicle’s slipstream, do increase drag but by a lesser degree. With today’s fuel prices, you can save a lot of money on fuel with a trailer. That might not make up the price difference between a rack and a trailer, but it can come close for some.
Trailers do suffer in other ways. They increase the length of your vehicle and you have to learn how to handle parking and backing up with a trailer. As well, you will incur higher costs on some ferries and toll highways or bridges. At home, you need to have space to store the trailer when not in use. There may be licensing costs as well. Finding appropriate parking at the put-in can be a pain too.
With a roof rack, you are limited to the design load for the combination of rack and vehicle that you have. In some cases, that is not strong enough for two sea kayaks. As well, all your gear is going into the vehicle – some gear could go into the kayak on the rack, but only to the load limit of the rack. Some trailers, on the other hand, can carry four sea kayaks comfortably and have a box on the bottom to carry some, if not all, of your gear. As such, four sea kayakers with all gear can fit into a minivan or mid-sized car with a trailer. Commercially available roof racks realistically limit you to two sea kayakers at most.