The Indian Mughal art and architecture traces its origin in the 7th-century Islamic art which is inspired by Byzantine art, Ancient Christian Art, and Sassanian Art. We should know about the inception of Mughal art before you buy Indian art. Islamic art is a watershed term for the collection of many schools of painting that surfaced over a long period of time along the historical timeline of the world of painting like:-
- Umayyad Art (661-750 A.D.)
- Abbasid Art (750-1258 A.D.)
- Fatimid Art in Egypt (909-1171 A.D.)
- Mongol Art (1220-1360 A.D.)
- Ottoman Art (1400-1900 A.D.)
- Safavid Art in Iran (1502-1736 A.D.)
- Mughal Islamic Art in India
Recurring floral designs and patterns such as geometric arrays of convoluted and ornate motifs inspired by flowers and vegetation in a repetitive fashion are some features that are peculiar to Islamic art. this is known as Arabesque. These continuing and reparative patterns symbolize the transcendent nature of the One, The Almighty. According to a popular theory of Islamic Art, the depiction of animate beings is prohibited as it is against the basic principle of Islam. Idolism of any kind is banned and is considered against the Sharia and the Hadith.
Islamic art is a connotation to signify the nature of art that was made after the 7th century by Muslim and non-Muslim artists in the territories under the influence of Islamic culture. This form of art encompasses almost every form of depicted such as Architecture, Ceramic Designing, fine tin-glazed pottery on earthenware, lustrous wares, wood carving, calligraphy, cloth designs, gemstone carving, book gilding, etc. This diverse form of art has gradually developed from the Greek & early Christian Art to be mixed with Middle eastern Egyptian cultures, Persian culture with a hint of Eastern traditions of India and China.
Aspects and influences of Islamic Art
Whatever has become of Islamic art today owes it to the domination and fusion of ArabianCulture. It laid down the foundations on which this art stands now which had their provenance in the principles of Islam derived by the Holy Book of Quran and the Arabiancalligraphy. This feature of Islamic Art has given its recognition and scope for developing myriad forms of abstract patterns and an entire school of linearsurrealism. All the manifestations of these forms have Arabic origin.
It is evident from empirical and historical evidence that Arabian people were very interested in mathematics and astronomy. They proudly furthered the knowledge they got intestate form Romans. They successfully attempted to apply this inherited wisdom of geometry and an inherent acknowledgment of rhythm, this also characterizes the verses and music. This led them to create intricate repetitive patterns that were ingenious in their sense although they borrowed everything from various cultures. This should be kept in mind when you buy Indian art.
Turkish people belonging to central Asia are known to infuse every tradition and form of art they come across on their flight from inner parts of Asia to Egyptian lands with their hint of abstraction. The Turkish aspect in Islamic Art comprises of this novel and endemic approach. They are responsible for introducing the prominent culture of figurative and non-figurative design from eastern to western Asia. This intermingling gave birth to Turkishiconography.
People could join the dots and appreciate this infusion and influence if they realize that a major part of the Islamic realm was under the Turkish rule for almost 9 centuries i.e. from 10th to 19th century. Islamic art was gradually developed over this time under the Turkish rulers and this aspect of this art can never be ignored due to its long and substantive association which gave its thought, tradition, and perception to this.
The Persian Aspect
It is one of the most difficult aspects of Islamic Art and to bind it in words and call those strings of words to be the definiendum of the Persian aspect is almost impossible. It is identified as being bedecked with rhythmic poetic devices, a mystical feature and when it is subjected to religious, spiritual, and emotional leads it to the culmination of extraordinary metaphysics.
Persian literature is largely responsible for streamlining the thought behind the Mughal school of painting. 14th and 15th centuries witnessed the inclusion of iconography in the Islamic School. It was directed to produce a particular kind of imagery. This kind of art was created in medieval Iran and this was not present in any other Muslim ruled world.
These aspects of Islamic art have contributed towards shaping the art as it exists today. It is a mix and match of different thought processes fusing them with the ideas of architecture creating myriad forms of decorative designs. This evolution and adaptability make every art to live a long life and make it acceptable to everyone. This art has also, due to its amiability and nature of accommodating, has surpassed the test of time. Islamic art is and would be a prominent artform until the end of time.